Innovations in food security: China uses AI, robotics

China is the world’s largest importer of food and is only a net exporter in terms of rice.

Speaking at an online webinar, titled Smart Agriculture in China: Role of Digital Technology in AgricultureExperts said it was vital that state-of-the-art tech was utilized to boost China’s self-sufficiency by improving yields and food standards.

A number of new innovations were highlighted, including how a group of Chinese scientists developed a control system in greenhouses to be more cost-efficient and environmentally friendly.

These methods resulted in higher crop yield and quality produce.

Other methods include utilizing unique identification techniques for livestock such as pigs and cattle for vaccination and monitoring.

FAO officer Silvaraju Ramasamy said such innovations were crucial, alongside achieving economic and policy changes.

He added that these actions were also a way to respond to climate change and fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) by 2030.

“Implementation and scaling up innovations are crucial. Food is facing crucial problems today. We would have 9.7 billion people by 2050 and possibly face vitamin deficiencies.

“Therefore, we need to transform agri-food systems and (introduce) greater nutritional value.

“There needs to be an establishment of new market structures and business models through e-commerce.

“This is important to unleash the potential in code design, innovation and technology, which in turn affects research and its systems.

“Sharing and scaling up technology can also be done by strengthening advisory services and including the public and private sectors as well as multiple stakeholders in the chain from production to consumption,”Said Mr Ramasamy at the event, which was organized by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Chinese tech platform Pinduoduo.

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